7 Datos sobre la Sagrada Familia de Gaudí que harán volar tu mente

Un post de amit singh, en Innovación

19 de Febrero del 2018

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The Basilica of the Sagrada Familia is one of the things that makes Barcelona so special. Even without finishing, he managed to dazzle the world. The unique creation of Antoni Gaudí is not only a gift for your eyes, but also for your mind. Discover curious facts that shaped this eccentric church.

1. Antoni Gaudí was not the first option

Sacred would not be what it is today without the obsessive genius of Antoni Gaudí. Therefore, it is hard to believe that he was not the first choice to be his architect. Initially, the project was entrusted to the official architect of the diocese, Don Francisco de Paula del Villar and Lozano. He drew his neo-Gothic plans and construction began in 1882. Gaudí joined the team in 1883 as a junior assistant. However, Villar only managed to complete the crypt before leaving the project due to disagreements.

The congregation in charge first asked the former professor of Gaudí. He respectfully refused, feeling that he was too old to undertake such a large project and, instead, recommended the young and talented Gaudí.

2. Gaudi knew that he would never see the whole church

From the beginning, Gaudi knew that he could not see the Holy Family finished. Therefore, he developed detailed plans to ensure that the construction would continue once he had left. To recognize and honor the fact that he was part of something bigger and bigger than himself, he wanted the facades to be built separately. In this way, each generation of architects could contribute and give the church its own turn.

3. Sagrada Família is not a cathedral

Many people mistakenly believe that the Holy Family is a cathedral. Do not worry if you thought so too. It is easy to make this assumption because of the size and exuberant design of the church. The true cathedral of Barcelona is the Cathedral of Santa Cruz and Santa Eulalia in Barri Gòtic.

It was assumed that the church of the Sagrada Familia tour was a neighborhood church dedicated to the sacred family. It is the vision of Gaudí that transformed him into a work of art. Thanks to its popularity, in 2010, Pope Benedict XVI granted the church the status of a minor basilica.

4. Each facade tells a story

The Façade of the Nativity, the only one that Gaudí completed, tells the story of the birth of Jesus. Several elements and sculptures of the facade not only represent the first years of the life of Jesus, but also have many natural references.

The Facade of the Passion is significantly simpler in design and represents the passion (suffering) of Christ and the stages of his crucifixion. Several different architects worked on this facade and reacted to Gaudí's designs while giving it his own touch. The Passion Facade is oriented to the west to emphasize the symbol of the death of Christ.

Last but not least, there is Glory Face, which is still under construction. It will be the largest and most significant of the three, as it will lead to the central nave of the basilica. The works only started in 2002, so it is not very advanced. This facade is dedicated to the glory of Jesus and rises to the heavens. The sketches on Gaudí's façade include general depictions of death, final judgment, glory and even hell for those who lose their way.

5. Its angles are defined by gravity

The angles of the Sagrada Família created have been defined by nature. How? Gaudí built a model of the church from hanging ropes and weights. He traced the contours of the church on a wooden board, placed it on the ceiling and hung strings from the points where the columns should stand. Then, he hung small sacks of weight from them, attaching them to the natural arcs created by gravity. When photographing the model, Gaudí calculated the natural angles of each column and arch. You can see the copy of the string model in the museum below the church.

6. Each tower has a meaning

Gaudí thought about his masterpiece until the end and, therefore, not even the towers escaped the ingenious symbolism. When the Sagrada is completed, it will have impressive 18 towers in total; 12 to symbolize the apostles, 4 to the Evangelists, one will represent the Virgin Mary and, the highest in the center, Jesus. However, until now we can only see 8 towers above.

7. Gaudí gave the Holy Family everything he had

Sagrada Familia was the work of Gaudí's life not only because he spent most of his life building, but also because he gave everything in a spiritual, mental, physical and economic way.

Today, the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia is classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and the most visited tourist attraction in Spain. With more than three million visitors a year, it has surpassed the magical Alhambra of Granada and the Prado Museum in Madrid. Therefore, if you are planning to visit, you have received your tickets for the Sagrada Familia in advance!

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